Periodontitis occurs when inflammation or infection of the gums (gingivitis) is untreated. It is the primary cause of tooth loss in adults.
In addition to the signs and symptoms of gingivitis, periodontitis gum disease symptoms include:
Left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. The bacteria from plaque causes gum inflammation, which leads to infection. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. Damage to the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth can lead to tooth loss.
Treatment of periodontal disease and periodontitis depends on the extent of the disease. It can involve a combination of special dental cleaning procedures, medications, and surgery. Your dentist or periodontist can best diagnose your status and prepare a treatment plan for your specific needs.
Any type of periodontal disease treatment requires good daily care at home. Adding a Waterpik® Water Flosser to your oral care routine is one of the most effective ways to improve gum health. The Waterpik® Water Flosser uses an effective combination of pulsation and pressure to clean where brushing and flossing can't reach.